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Города, как и люди, порой имеют очень привередливую судьбу. Сначала, казалось бы, ты незаменим а потом...
Великие Луки хороший пример тому. Наряду с большинством крепостей по окраинам древнего российского государства он был создан и играл свою важную роль задолго до 1166 года, считающегося датой основания. Но, по прошествии некоторого времени - пару веков, никак не больше, - утерял свое пограничное значение и стал простым провинциальным городком. Даже краткосрочное оживление в XVIII в, связанного с проходящим рядом белорусским государственным трактом, оказалось недолго срочным. Всего-то на всего: какая-то железная дорога прошла малость в стороне. Это и стало окончательным приговором, хотя, надо сказать, что город честно старался.
И все бы шло хорошо, если не война - та, что первая мировая, затем, понятно, революция, ну, и вторая мировая, во время которой город практически перестал существовать. Все, что осталось с прошлых лет - остатки земляной крепости в центре города, да его славное прошлое, которое и по сей день хранится где-то в исторических справочниках и исторических талмудах.
Великолукская крепость расположена в городе Великие Луки Псковской области. Первое упоминание об укреплениях в Луках относится к 1198 году. До 13 века крепость была деревянной. Петр I хотел обезопасить границы государства от возможных набегов шведов и издал приказ на месте деревянной крепости построить земляную. Проект был осуществлен в период с 1704 по 1708 года. Чертежи новой крепости принадлежали Л. Магницкому. Новая крепость имела шестиугольную форму и на каждом углу располагалась пушка. Высота валов составляла 21 метр. На сегодняшний день высота валов всего лишь 18 метров. В крепость можно было попасть через двое ворот: Западные и Северые. До сегодняшного дня сохранились лишь руины Западных ворот, от Северных не осталось ничего. На территории крепости располагалась Воскресенская церковь (построенная в 17 веке), она была разрушена во время войны. Крепость сохраняла свое стратегичесое значение вплоть до 18 века. Но свой последний бой приняла во время Великолукской операции, проходившей с 25 ноября 1942 года по 17 января 1943 года. Фашисты превратили крепость в мощный укрепленный пункт. И 16 января 1943 года 357-ястрелковоя дивизия штурмом взяла Великолукскую крепость. В память о тех событиях на территории крепости в 1960 году был воздвигнут Обелиск Славы, впоследствии ставший символом города.
Воинское братское кладбище на северной окраине города. Здесь покоится прах нескольких тысяч советских воинов отдавших свою жизнь за свободу и независимостт нашей Родины в 1941-1944 годах, великолуксиае подпольщики, мирные жители, уничтоженные гитлеровскими захватчиками в годы оккупации. На кладбище похоронены боец-ополченец Вася Зверев, погибший при обороне В. Лук в 1941г., Герой Советского Союза Матвей Кузьмин, повторивший в феврале 1942 года, подвиг Ивана Сусанина, воздвигнуты памятники на могилах писателя-фронтовика Ставского и генерала Сибирцева. В настоящее время на воинском кладбище 16 братских и 142 одиночные могилы.
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